This selective bibliography concentrates on the interface between visual anthropology, ethnography, and drawing, including more theoretical works that reflect on established and more experimental, new forms of ethnography.

See below for publications that hone in on present and past representations of northern Namibia and it inhabitants.

Please note the list is not exhaustive, and will be updated soon.

Drawing, writing, anthropology

  • Causey, Andrew. 2016. Drawn to See: Drawing as an Ethnographic Method. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Fassin, Didier. 2014. “True Life, Real Lives: Revisiting the Boundaries between Ethnography and Fiction.” American Ethnologist 41 (1): 40–55.
  • Fortun, Kim. 2012. “Ethnography in late industrialism.” Cultural Anthropology 27 (3): 446–64.
  • Gottlieb, Anna. 1997. “The perils of popularizing anthropology.” Anthropology Today 13 (1): 1–2.
  • Jeffery, Scott. 2016. The Posthuman Body in Superhero Comics: Human, Superhuman, Transhuman, Post/Human: New York: Palgrave Macmillan US.
  • Latour, Bruno. 1993. We Have Never Been Modern. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Marcus, George E. 2012. “The Legacies of Writing Culture and the Near Future of the Ethnographic Form: A Sketch. Cultural Anthropology 27 (3): 427–45.
  • McCloud, Scott. 1993. Understanding Comics. The Invisible Art. New York: Harper Collins.
  • Narayan, Kirin. 2007. “Tools to Shape Texts: What Creative Nonfiction Can Offer Ethnography.” Anthropology and Humanism 32 (2): 130–44.
  • Pink, Sarah. 2011. Visual Interventions: Applied Visual Anthropology. New York: Berghahn Books.
  • Pyne, Stephen J. 2009. Voice and Vision. A Guide to Writing History and Other Serious Nonfiction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Rose, Gillian. 2012. Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials. London: SAGE Publications.
  • Stoller, Paul. 2016. The Sorcerer’s Burden: The Ethnographic Saga of a Global Family: Springer International Publishing.
  • Taussig, Michael. 2011. I Swear I Saw This: Drawings in Fieldwork Notebooks, Namely My Own: University of Chicago Press.


Imagining Namibia

On (visual) representations of Namibia, now and then…

  • Bollig, Michael, and Heike Heinemann-Bollig. 2002. “Nomadic Savages, Ochre People and Heroic Herders: Visual Presentations of the Himba of Namibia’s Kaokoland.” Visual Anthropology 15 (3–4): 267–312.
  • Hartmann, Wolfram, Jeremy Silvester, and Patricia Hayes, eds. 1999. The Colonising Camera. Photographs in the Making of Namibian History. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.
  • Henrichsen, Dag. 2000. Pilgrimages into Kaoko: Herrensafaris, 4x4s and settler illusions. In New Notes on Kaoko, edited by G. Miescher and D. Henrichsen, 159–185. Basel: Basler Afrika Bibliographien.
  • Kraak, Marijn, dir. 2013. Authenticized. Amsterdam: Zuis productions. DVD. (click here for a preview).
  • Rizzo, Lorena. 2005. “A Glance into the Camera: Gendered Visions of Historical Photography in Kaoko (North-Western Namibia).” Gender and History 17 (3): 682–713.